HIV-AIDS

11:22am

Tue September 3, 2013
Shots - Health News

Facebook Chats Prompt At-Risk Minority Men To Get HIV Tests

Latinos and African-Americans are more active on social media. Could that help promote HIV testing among minorities?
Brendan Smialowski Getty Images

It didn't take long for people to figure out that Facebook could be a great place to connect with other people dealing with the same health problems. But public health officials have moved cautiously, lest their efforts backfire. Do you really want to "like" STDs?

But there is now evidence the social media approach can help, even when the health condition is sensitive. Facebook can play a role in persuading people at high risk of HIV/AIDS to use a home HIV test kit, a study finds.

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3:13pm

Wed August 28, 2013
Shots - Health News

In South Africa, A Clinic Focuses On Prostitutes To Fight HIV

Originally published on Wed August 28, 2013 7:25 pm

A prostitute in Johannesburg waits for a client on a street corner. An estimated two-thirds of sex workers in South Africa are HIV positive.
Yoav Lemmer AFP/Getty Images

South Africa has come a long way in dealing with AIDS. The country has been successful in getting drug treatment to millions of people infected with HIV.

But the country still has one of the highest rates of HIV infection in the world — and the virus continues to spread. Nearly 400,000 South Africans are infected with HIV each year.

One health clinic in the heart of Johannesburg is attempting to break the HIV cycle by focusing on people at extremely high risk for infection — prostitutes.

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1:55pm

Tue August 27, 2013
Shots - Health News

After Missteps In HIV Care, South Africa Finds Its Way

Originally published on Wed August 28, 2013 2:39 pm

A nurse takes a blood sample from Nkosi Minenhle, 15, in a mobile clinic set up to test students for HIV at Madwaleni High School in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa.
Stephane de Sakutin AFP/Getty Images

South Africa has more people with HIV than any other country in the world.

Roughly 5.5 million of its 53 million citizens are infected with the virus. In some of the hardest hit parts of the country, one-third of women of childbearing age are HIV positive.

Now, after years of delay and mistakes, South Africa is transforming how it approaches the disease.

The South African government is simplifying AIDS care, cutting treatment costs and providing antiviral drugs to almost 2 million people every day.

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10:15am

Mon August 12, 2013
Shots - Health News

In Rural Uganda, Homemade Bikes Make The Best Ambulances

Originally published on Tue August 13, 2013 5:56 am

Bike ambulance driver Grace Kakyo transports a patient in northern Uganda.
Photo courtesy CA Bikes

When Chris Ategeka was 9, his younger brother died while Ategeka was helping to carry him to the nearest hospital — 10 miles from their village in Fort Portal, Uganda.

There was no quicker way to get his sick brother, who was coughing and had a bloody stool, to medical care. "I did not understand the concept of lack of mobility being the biggest factor until it got later in life. I realized how that could have helped so much," he tells Shots.

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1:15am

Tue July 16, 2013
Shots - Health News

South Africa Weighs Starting HIV Drug Treatment Sooner

Originally published on Tue July 16, 2013 4:22 am

A woman waits to get AIDS drugs on April 8 at a clinic in Ga-Rankuwa, South Africa, about 55 miles north of Johannesburg. New WHO guidelines say patients should start HIV treatment much earlier, before they become extremely sick.
Stephane de Sakutin AFP/Getty Images

The World Health Organization has issued revised guidelines saying that people with HIV should be put on antiviral drugs far earlier than was previously recommended. The hope is that most patients would get started on treatment before they begin to get extremely sick.

It's a move that could have huge implications for African nations where millions of people are infected with HIV. In South Africa roughly 5.5 million people are living with HIV — more than any other country in the world. South Africa also has more people in treatment than anywhere else.

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