On Sept. 15, 2001, Balbir Singh Sodhi was outside of the Chevron gas station he owned in Mesa, Ariz., when he was shot and killed.
Balbir was Sikh and wore a turban. In one of the first hate crime murders following the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, a man, assuming Balbir was Muslim, shot and killed him as retaliation.
Balbir and his brothers, Harjit Sodhi, who is 57, and Rana Sodhi, who is 51, emigrated from India in the 1980s, and they owned the Chevron together. At a StoryCorps interview, Harjit and Rana remember their brother as friendly and loving.
"I saw he gave ... free candies to children, free drinks. And some people, they [don't] have enough money, he said, 'Pay me tomorrow,' " Harjit said.
"When Sept. 11 happened, Balbir called me and told me 'Turn on the TV because our country get attacked'," Rana said. Harjit also recalled his brother saying he would like to donate his blood in order to help out. On the morning of the day he died, Balbir donated the contents of his wallet to the victims of the attacks.
Despite that Balbir's character was well known in his community, Rana said attitudes towards his brother and other Sikhs drastically changed following the Sept. 11 attacks.
He remembers images of Osama Bin Laden on TV. "People saw only a turban and a beard," Rana said. "People yell to us using F-word and asking to 'Go back to your country.' "
The brothers said that neighbors warned them to careful.
"People said, 'Can you take your turban off?', Harjit said.
"But I say 'This is part of my religion, I can't take off my turban,' " Rana said.
"Somebody took my best person, my best brother," Harjit said.
Rana found comfort in knowing that his brother was loved.
About 3,000 people attended Balbir's funeral. Many from the U.S. Sikh community were there, as were religious leaders from around the country and several elected officials, including Janet Napolitano, who was then Arizona's attorney general.
Balbir's killer, Frank Roque, also shot at people who were of Middle Eastern descent that day. Convicted of the first-degree murder of Balbir, Roque was sentenced to death in 2003, but he successfully appealed and is now serving a life sentence. With the support of a family friend, Rana spoke with Roque by phone, "and he say that if he die and go to the God, [the] only thing he want to do is see my brother and say sorry to him," Rana said.
"Balbir's death teach us love and peace, and I decided this is my mission of my life," Rana said.
Audio produced for Morning Edition by Liyna Anwar.
StoryCorps is a national nonprofit that gives people the chance to interview friends and loved ones about their lives. These conversations are archived at the American Folklife Center at the Library of Congress, allowing participants to leave a legacy for future generations. Learn more, including how to interview someone in your life, at StoryCorps.org.
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RACHEL MARTIN, HOST:
It's time now for StoryCorps. And today, we remember a man who was killed in one of the country's first hate crime murders after September 11. Just a few days after the attacks, Balbir Singh Sodhi was outside the gas station he owned in Mesa, Ariz. Balbir was Sikh and wore a turban. A man assumed he was Muslim and shot and killed him in retaliation for 9/11. At StoryCorps, his brothers Rana and Harjit sat down to remember him.
RANA SODHI: When we came here in the United States, he make friend very quick.
HARJIT SODHI: I remember when Balbir and me, we opened the gas station. I saw he gave the free candies to children, free drinks. And some people did not have enough money. He said, pay me tomorrow.
R. SODHI: He's kind of a special person. When 9/11 happened, Balbir called me and told me, turn on the TV because our country get attacked.
H. SODHI: He said, I'd like to donate my blood.
R. SODHI: But immediately, they start showing the bin Laden picture in the TV. And people saw only a turban and a beard. People yelled to us using F-word and asking to go back to your country. And after that, even our neighborhood, people start talking, you know, you guys need to very careful.
H. SODHI: People said, can you take your turban off?
R. SODHI: But I say, this is part of my religion. I can't take off my turban. After 9/11, a lot of hate crime happen, and Balbir was the first. On September 15, Balbir was outside working with a landscaper to give them direction where they can plant flowers.
H. SODHI: And somebody shot Balbir. He fired six shot and five hit my brother. Somebody took my best person, my best brother.
R. SODHI: In his funeral, people come from all over the world. And, you know, that make you feel better, especially when you're immigrant and you feel like, you know, you're not alone. The person who killed my brother, I talked to him in 2016. And he said that if he die and go to the God, only thing he want to do is see my brother and say sorry to him. You know, Balbir's death teaches love and peace. And I decided this is my mission of my life.
H. SODHI: His death was so sad, but I have still his memory. And I proud of my brother.
MARTIN: That's Harjit and Rana Sodhi in Mesa, Ariz., remembering their brother Balbir Singh Sodhi, who was murdered after 9/11. The shooter is currently serving a life sentence. This StoryCorps interview will be archived at the Library of Congress.
(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC) Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.