Sat July 30, 2011
Author Interviews

'Night Train' Pulls Through Segregated South

In Clyde Edgerton's new novel, The Night Train, the main characters are friends, but no one knows it.

The two boys, Larry Lime Nolan and Dwayne Hallston, work side by side at Dwayne's father's furniture store. They both love the music that's taken hold of the country in 1963, the time the novel is set. But in their hometown of Starke, N.C., Dwayne, who is white, and Larry, who is black, have to keep their friendship concealed like some family embarrassment.

As Edgerton tells NPR's Scott Simon, the novel, his tenth over a long career, is informed by his own experience growing up in North Carolina in the 1960s.

"About that time, I was 19 and I joined a band," Edgerton says, just like the character Dwayne in the novel. "Also, I had a friend named Larry Lime; not exactly a friend but he was an acquaintance. I would see him at the store near my home."

In one scene in the book, Dwayne and Larry are playing basketball. Dwayne's father tells him that the two boys playing together "just don't look right." Edgerton says "that's a scene very much out of my life. My father did ask me, when I was playing basketball in my backyard, if I would ask Larry Lime to leave. And you know, it's funny how memory works—I can't remember exactly what happened after then, but it was interesting as a storyteller to be able to take that scene and recreate it and make something new out of it."

The characters in Edgerton's book bond over a love for music. Dwayne reveres James Brown and plays in a teen band called the Amazing Rumblers; Larry plays piano and aspires to be like Thelonius Monk. Larry hopes music will lead him out of the South. Music is important in the book because, Edgerton says, the late 1950s and early 1960s were "just an amazing time ... Music was a large part of my life. And it is, again, a bit cliché, but it's a way people come together."

In the novel Dwayne and Larry hatch a plan for Dwayne's Amazing Rumblers to reproduce James Brown's Live at the Apollo album note-for-note, step for step, with some instruction from Larry. The last track on that album is called "The Night Train."

"I had no idea what to call this novel and I ended up with The Night Train because of the song," Edgerton says. But after writing the book, Edgerton thought about how to "deepen the meaning of the title a little bit." That led him to write into the book a train that runs through the fictional town of Starke. In the book, Dwayne and Larry Lime live on opposite sides of the train track and both hear the night train pass through.

Edgerton did a lot of reflecting when writing the book. He discovered things as a novelist that he didn't realize growing up in North Carolina in the 1960s. "The whole question of segregation and race," he says, "and of course, when you're 12 [or] 14 in a culture in which segregation is the norm, you're in many ways like the clichéd 'fish in the water.'"

"In revisiting this scene," Edgerton adds, "I was able to think about the invisible effects of segregation on one relationship."

One point of view Edgerton constructs is that of the villain, a bigoted man named Flash Acres. Although he seems to be a typical villain in the 1960s American South, Edgerton says Flash's character is actually more complex.

"There's a part of me which rebels against the classic mean Southern racist who is nothing more than that," Edgerton says. "And so I had a chance with Flash to round him out a bit."

Flash shows his humanity by caring for his elderly, infirmed mother. That, too, reflects Edgerton's real-life experience.

"I know very little if any shame in looking for what to write about, and my mother's illness, which happened around 1999 and 2000 — and she died in 2001 — was something I'd never translated into fiction. She wasn't at all like Flash's mother, to me anyway, but certainly it was one of the most memorable times of my life. So I had an opportunity to bring some of my experiences into a fictional context."

In addition to being a writer, Edgerton is a professor at the University of North Carolina Wilmington. He thinks about his students' understanding of the historic events of 1963: the march on Washington, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech, and the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.

"In writing about that time, I had to go back and read a lot and I did realize as you just mention what a pivotal time that was. Now in my community in Wilmington," Edgerton says, "I go to second-grade classes and I watch black and white children play together as if there's no such thing as race. And then, of course, I watch them in high school and I think about kids who are teenagers and who are black and who are white and their chances at friendship and how it might be different than 1963."

"In some cases, I think it's not," he continues. "But you hope that young people will read history and realize what happened and why it happened and think about it and see how that might influence and affect their lives with their neighbors."

Copyright 2011 National Public Radio. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

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